Relationships, rituals, and religion provided stability.

As dynasties rose and fell, people rallied around shared beliefs and relied on family and friends. Daoists, Buddhists, and other communities of faith provided spiritual support and charitable services, such as hospitals. Confucian values and rituals like ancestor worship provided a foundation for dynasties, communities, and individuals.

  1. 1-5Altar set

  2. 6Stele

  3. TOPICHow did people band together in turbulent times?

  4. TOPICWhat linked new dynasties to the past?